National PTA Parents’ Guide to Student Success
The National PTA’s Parents’ Guide to Student Success provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of 1st grade in mathematics and English language arts/literacy. It focuses on the key skills your child will learn in these subjects, which will build a strong foundation for success in the other subjects he or she studies throughout the school year.
This guide is based on the new Common Core State Standards, which have been adopted by more than 40 states. These K–12 standards are informed by the highest state standards from across the country. If your child is meeting the expectations outlined in these standards, he or she will be well prepared for 2nd grade.
English Language Arts and Literacy
In 1st grade, your child will become a more independent reader and writer. Your child will continue to learn and practice rules for recognizing the sounds that make up words and will be able to sound out more complex words. Such foundational skills are necessary and important components of developing proficient readers with the capacity to comprehend a wide range of materials. Students will learn to think about what they read and talk about the main ideas of simple stories. As they write and speak, 1st graders will learn to use language appropriately; this includes using complete sentences and spelling words with increasing accuracy.
In 1st grade, your child will build on last year’s work and gain important new skills. One of the most important outcomes for the year is to improve speed and accuracy adding with a sum of 20 or less and subtracting from a number 20 or less (e.g., 17 — 8). Another important goal in 1st grade is adding with a sum of 100 or less; this will rely on understanding what the digits mean in a number such as 63 (namely, 63 is six tens and three ones). Working with multi-digit addition this year will set the stage for 2nd grade, when your child will be working with three-digit numbers and adding and subtracting with larger numbers.
The National PTA Guide also includes ideas for activities to help your child learn at home and topics of discussion for taking to your child’s teacher about his or her academic progress.
Vision i5 Common Core Academic Standards
Cincinnati Public Schools is launching the new standards under a campaign called, "Vision i5 — Imagine, Illuminate, Innovate, Invest and Inspire."
- Cincinnati Public Schools’ Vision i5 Common Core Academic Standards
- Language Arts PDF — Grades PreK-2
- Mathematics PDF — Kindergarten
- Social Studies PDF — Grades PreK-2
- Ohio’s Implementation of the Common Core Standards
- Ohio's State Tests in English Language Arts, Mathematics, Science and Social Studies
- Be a Learning Hero includes resources developed to support your child’s learning in Math and English language arts at home. Parents can search by state, grade, subject and type and access resources to support children outside of the classroom.
Ohio’s Third Grade Reading Guarantee
Ohio's Third Grade Reading Guarantee aims to ensure that struggling young readers get the support needed to improve.
How It Works
In kindergarten through third grade, teachers evaluate all students by September 30 of each school year to determine if they are reading as well as they should. Any children evaluated as having weak reading skills will begin immediately working through a reading improvement plan. This plan addresses each student's unique reading problems. Teachers will monitor the plan to ensure reading is improving and will work with parents to help them support the plan.