National PTA Parents’ Guide to Student Success
The National PTA’s Parents’ Guide to Student Success provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of 2nd grade in mathematics and English language arts/literacy. It focuses on the key skills your child will learn in these subjects, which will build a strong foundation for success in the other subjects he or she studies throughout the school year.
This guide is based on the new Common Core State Standards, which have been adopted by more than 40 states. These K–12 standards are informed by the highest state standards from across the country. If your child is meeting the expectations outlined in these standards, he or she will be well prepared for 3rd grade.
English Language Arts and Literacy
Students in 2nd grade will gain more skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. They continue to learn and practice rules for matching sounds to letters that make up words, and they learn new concepts — such as words that share the same root (e.g., add and additional) — that help them figure out the meanings of new words. Writing will become an exciting way for your child to use newly learned words and phrases to express ideas. As they write and speak, 2nd graders will be more attentive to the formal and informal uses of English and will spell most words correctly in their writing.
In 2nd grade, your child will build on last year’s work and gain important new skills. One of the most important outcomes for the year is to add and subtract two-digit numbers quickly and accurately (e.g., 77-28). Another important goal in 2nd grade is to understand what the digits mean in a three-digit number such as 463 (namely, 463 is four hundreds, six tens, and three ones). Your child also will build expertise with solving addition and subtraction word problems. Mastering addition and subtraction at the 2nd grade level is important so that your child will not have to review and repeat this material in 3rd grade, when the study of multiplication, division, and fractions will start.
The National PTA Guide also includes ideas for activities to help your child learn at home and topics of discussion for taking to your child’s teacher about his or her academic progress.
Vision i5 Common Core Academic Standards
Cincinnati Public Schools is launching the new standards under a campaign called, "Vision i5 - Imagine, Illuminate, Innovate, Invest and Inspire."
- Cincinnati Public Schools’ Vision i5 Common Core Academic Standards
- Language Arts PDF — Grades PreK-2
- Mathematics PDF — Grade 2
- Social Studies PDF — Grades PreK-2
- Ohio’s Implementation of the Common Core Standards
- Ohio's State Tests in English Language Arts, Mathematics, Science and Social Studies
- Be a Learning Hero includes resources developed to support your child’s learning in Math and English language arts at home. Parents can search by state, grade, subject and type and access resources to support children outside of the classroom.
Ohio’s Third Grade Reading Guarantee
Ohio's Third Grade Reading Guarantee aims to ensure that struggling young readers get the support needed to improve.
How It Works
In kindergarten through third grade, teachers evaluate all students by September 30 of each school year to determine if they are reading as well as they should. Any children evaluated as having weak reading skills will begin immediately working through a reading improvement plan. This plan addresses each student's unique reading problems. Teachers will monitor the plan to ensure reading is improving and will work with parents to help them support the plan.